Horse Feeding Tips and Facts

A horse’s stomach is small. In addition, their intestines are short as well. Therefore, horses are unable to eat a large amount of grain all at once. As part of your daily horse care chores, it’s crucial that you feed your horse frequently; however, the portions should be kept small. Horse feeding two or three times a day should be adequate.

Horses do not have the ability to vomit. No matter what a horse eats, whether it is molasses, oats, rusty nails or moldy hay, it has to go all the way through the horse’s digestive system. Since horses are not able to vomit, colic is a major problem with these animals.

Horse FeedingFeeding Your Horse Grain

If your horse is worked regularly, then feeding him or her an allocated amount of  grain each day is a good idea (depending on the size of the horse and the ration – always base feed rates by product labels, horse size, and activity level). Check with a horse nutritionist to help you put a specific feeding program together for your horse.

On days when you work your horse harder, or if it is a particularly large horse, then you would obviously want to feed it more grain. Likewise, if you have a smaller breed horse, or it has not been worked as hard, you would naturally feed it less grain each day.

In addition, you should know that these facts vary from horse to horse. Also the quality of the grain can have an effect on how much and how often your horse feeding should take place.

Hay Is For Horses

Typically, you will need to give your horse a pound of hay for every one hundred pounds of body weight. For example, if you have a horse that weighs a thousand pounds, you would feed it ten pounds of hay.

Feeding Horses Hay

However, this does vary tremendously according to the amount of work that your horse endures on a regular basis. In addition, the type of hay that you feed your horse is also a key factor. In order to help promote a healthy digestive system, you should have free-choice hay available so your horse can eat it as they like throughout the day.

All About Horse Feed

A high quality feed mix must contain a balanced amount of the following nutrients:

  • Oats – a standard for grain feed, typically tracked or rolled in order to aid digestion.
  • Corn – an excellent source of fat and energy.
  • Salt – a necessity for all horse feeding by adding it to their feed or offering it in block form; however, it is important to make sure the feed you use does not already contain salt before adding one to two ounces.
  • Molasses – a source of sugar that also enhances the flavor of the feed mix.
  • Trace Minerals – iodine, potassium, magnesium, calcium and phosphorus are essential for horse health and wellness and should be provided through the feed.

Horse feeding should be worry-free with a quality mix that contains all of these nutrients, which provides your horse with everything he or she needs to stay healthy.

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